The Central Railways (CR) Environment and Housekeeping Management department has worked to achieve environmental sustainability targets through various measures. These measures are undertaken in accordance with norms issued by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) and Railway Board with respect to water conservation, renewable energy, waste management, development of green patches by afforestation etc.
To promote water conservation, CR has been providing Rain Water Harvesting (RWH) at various locations as a part of finding a solution to ever-increasing water needs. Rapid urbanization results in a decrease in the infiltration of rainwater into the subsoil drastically, so also tube wells drilled are lowering water tables in most parts of the country. This problem gets further compounded in areas where rainfall is poor. To overcome this problem CR has taken initiative in Rainwater Harvesting and provided 158 RWH units at various locations such as stations, workshops, colonies etc. in its jurisdiction including 24 RWH units provided in the year 2021.
Most of these Rain Water Harvesting units are provided in drought-prone areas of Bhusaval and Solapur Division where rainfall is poor. Out of these 158 RWH units, 73 units were provided to the Bhusaval Division followed by Solapur Division with 52 RWH units. Nagpur Division provided with 19 RWH units, Pune Division with 8 RWH units and Mumbai Division with 6 RWH units (2 each at Matunga Workshop, CSMT and Lonavala)
In addition, CR has provided six Solar Umbrellas with Rain Water Harvesting in Mumbai Division i.e., 2 each at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and Lonavala, one each at Igatpuri and Lokmanya Tilak Terminus.
These initiatives of water conservation will help us in saving the consumption of freshwater.
Benefits of Rain Water Harvesting
- Conservation of rainwater
- Improvement in infiltration and reduction in run-off thereby reducing flooding and waterlogging during the rainy season
- Increasing the water table of the surrounding area and recharging groundwater with fresh water
- Improving the groundwater quality by reducing the salt content, making it potable for drinking and other use like gardening, cleaning, washing etc.
- Preventing erosion of soil